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Youth Violence

Facts at a Glance

SUMMER 2009

Youth Violence

  • In 2006, 5,958 young people ages 10 to 24 were murdered—an average of 16 each day (CDC 2009a).

  • Homicide was the 2nd leading cause of death for young people ages 10 to 24 years old (CDC 2009a).

  • Among 10 to 24 year-olds, 87% (5,159) of homicide victims were male and 13% (799) were female (CDC 2009a).

  • Among homicide victims ages 10 to 24 years-old, 84% were killed with a firearm (CDC 2009a).

Health Disparities

  • Among 10 to 24 year-olds, homicide is the leading cause of death for African Americans; the second leading cause of death for Hispanics; and the third leading cause of death for Asian/Pacific Islanders and American Indians and Alaska Natives (CDC 2009a).

  • Homicide rates among non-Hispanic, African-American males 10-24 years of age (62.2 per 100,000) exceed those of Hispanic males (21.5 per 100,000) and non-Hispanic, White males in the same age group (3.4 per 100,000) (CDC 2009a).

Nonfatal Injuries Due to Violence

  • In 2007, more than 668,000 young people ages 10 to 24 were treated in emergency departments for injuries sustained from violence (CDC 2009a).

  • In 2007, of a nationally-representative sample of students in grades 9-12, 4.2% reported being in a physical fight one or more times in the previous 12 months that resulted in injuries that had to be treated by a doctor or nurse (CDC 2008b).

Violence-related Behaviors

In a 2007 nationally-representative sample of youth in grades 9-12 (CDC 2008b):

  • 35.5% reported being in a physical fight in the 12 months preceding the survey; the prevalence was higher among males (44.4%) than females (26.5%).

  • 18.0% reported carrying a weapon (gun, knife or club) on one or more days in the 30 days preceding the survey.

  • 5.2% carried a gun on one or more days in the 30 days preceding the survey.

  • Males were more likely than females to carry a weapon

    • (28.5

      % versus 7.5%) on one or more days in the 30 days

preceding the survey.

  • Males were also more likely than females to carry a gun on

one or more days in the 30 days preceding the survey (9.0% versus 1.2%).

School Violence

In a 2007 nationally representative sample of youth in grades 9-12:

  • 12.4% reported being in a physical fight on school property in the 12 months preceding the survey.

  • 16.3% of male students and 8.5% of female students reported being in a physical fight on school property in the 12 months preceding the survey.

  • 27.1% of students reported having property stolen or deliberately damaged on school property.

  • 5.5% did not go to school on one or more days in the 30 days preceding the survey because they felt unsafe at school or on their way to or from school.

  • 5.9% reported carrying a weapon (gun, knife or club) on school property on one or more days in the 30 days preceding the survey.

  • 7.8% reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property one or more times in the 12 months preceding the survey (CDC 2008b).

www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention

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