Youth Violence Facts at a Glance
An estimated 30% of 6th to 10th graders in the United States were either a bully, a target of bullying, or both (Nansel et al. 2001).
School-associated Violent Deaths
Less than 1% of all homicides and suicides among school-age youth occur on school grounds, on the way to or from school, or on the way to or from school- sponsored events (Anderson et al. 2001).
From 1992-1999, perpetrators of school-associated homicides were nine times as likely as victims to have exhibited some form of suicidal behavior before the event, and were more than twice as likely as victims to have been bullied by their peers (Anderson et al. 2001).
More than half of the incidents over this period were preceded by some signal, such as threats, notes, or journal entries that indicated the potential for the coming event (Anderson et al. 2001).
Most of the events occurred during the transition times around the start of the school day, the lunch period, and at the end of the school day (Anderson et al. 2001).
During the past seven years, 116 students were killed in 109 separate incidents—an average of 16.5 student homicides each year (CDC 2008).
Rates of school-associated student homicides decreased between 1992 and 2006. However, they remained relatively stable in recent years. Rates were significantly higher for males, students in secondary schools, and students in central cities (CDC 2008).
From 1999 to 2006, most school-associated homicides included gunshot wounds (65%), stabbing or cutting (27%), and beating (12%) (CDC 2008).
Juveniles accounted for 16% of all violent crime arrests and 26% of all property crime arrests in 2007 (Puzzanchera
In 2007, 1,350 juveniles were arrested for murder, 3,580 for forcible rape, and 57,650 for aggravated assault (Puzzanchera 2009).
Anderson MA, Kaufman J, Simon TR, Barrios L, Paulozzi L, Ryan G, et al. School-associated violent deaths in the United States, 1994–1999. Journal of the American Medical Association 2001;286:2695–702.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. School-associated student homicides—United States, 1992–2006. MMWR 2008; 57(02):33–6.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (a). Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) [Online]. (2006). National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (producer). [2009 May 13] Available from URL: www.cdc.gov/injury.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (b). Youth risk behavioral surveillance—United States, 2007. MMWR 2008;57 (No. SS–4).
Nansel TR, Overpeck M, Pilla RS, Ruan WJ, Simons-Morton B, Scheidt P. Bullying behaviors among US youth: prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment. Journal of the American Medical Association 2001;285(16):2094–100.
Puzzanchera C. Juvenile Arrests 2007. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; 2009. [2009 May 28]. Available from URL: www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/225344.pdf.
For more information, please contact:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control 1-800-CDC-INFO • www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention • email@example.com