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groups. If a cooperative works on national forest land, they must work directly with

COHDEFOR in developing plans and developing forest-related activities. The

cooperative pays COHDEFOR stumpage and other fees for products taken from the

forest. In the case of communal and private land, COHDEFOR does not collect

substantial fees, but they must approve all plans and activities.

Cooperatives must also collaborate with municipal governments. In Honduras,

municipalities include the rural communities surrounding the municipal seat in addition

to the urban area of the municipality. The size of Honduran municipalities varies, but the

alcalde, or mayor, of each municipality has extensive powers over communities and land

within the municipality. The municipality’s authority depends on the tenure of the land

in question. In cases where a cooperative works on national forest land, the municipality

has little involvement and may only charge a small tax on resin or other products

harvested. They have no control over forest management or extractive activities. If the

forest is ejidal (communal), the municipality has the primary role in the management and

monitoring of forest activities. Some municipalities with large communal forest holdings

hire foresters to manage their forests. The municipality, instead of COHDEFOR, charges

stumpage fees and resin taxes to the cooperatives on communal land.

FEHCAFOR (Honduran Federation of Agroforestry Cooperatives) is a federation

of groups which work under the Social Forestry System. FEHCAFOR’s membership

includes over 70 groups, the majority of which are cooperatives. FEHCAFOR was

founded in 1974, and its primary role is promoting and defending the position of the

community forestry groups to the government, COHDEFOR, and other national agencies

and federations. Other areas of support provided by FEHCAFOR are training, marketing


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