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for cash income. They can work as day laborers for those who have more land or raise

cash crops and cattle. Jobs planting crops as day laborers or mozos are abundant during

the planting season, but scarce the rest of the year. Regular employment at a cattle ranch

or large coffee finca is hard to find. The only other option is leaving the community to

work in the cities where it is relatively easy to find a job in a maquiladora, or factory.

Migration from rural areas to urban areas is a nationwide trend in Honduras, and it is

easily observed in these communities. In Laínez, where the author spent two years as a

Peace Corps Volunteer, a large percentage of youth leave the village to look for work or

to go to high school. One friend of the author remarked, “I left because there was really

nothing for me to do there. I miss living in the campo, but at least I have a job.” The

path of rural migrants usually ends living in extremely poor neighborhoods on the

outskirts of the cities and working in a maquiladora.

Resin tapping and other forestry activities are often the only other option where

there is a cooperative. Employment in forestry work like resin tapping appeals to

campesinos for several reasons. First, of course, is the income. In places with few

options, one more option is always good. Resin tapping in particular is an independent

activity, which allows people to work for themselves. Most campesinos prefer this

because it closely resembles farming in its independence. For other activities like

logging, cooperative members like working for the cooperative better than working for a

ranch or large farm because the cooperative belongs partially to them. In effect, they are

working for themselves. Forestry work also fits into the agricultural calendar when there

is no farm work. This is especially true for resin tapping, which is most productive

during the dry season when there are no important crops. Logging operations typically


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