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cooperatives and other communities with containment, but it was too little and too late.

Fortunately, in Protección, Quebrada Honda, and Chaguite Grande pine beetle outbreaks

were less severe. Now the gorgojo has migrated to the western half of Honduras where it

continues to be a problem, albeit on a smaller scale than in the eastern half of the country.

Since the passing of the gorgojo in Villa Santa and Guadalupe, farmers are

invading the deforested areas and planting crops or grasses for cattle. This could

potentially convert large previously-forested areas to agricultural land. In the Guadalupe

forest, the problem has been especially severe near the main road entering the community

where dozens of new corn and bean fields have appeared where forests once stood

(Figure 5).

Figure 5 Crops planted on area deforested by pine bark beetle.

Obviously, the loss of forest has affected both resin and timber production. When

asked what the resineros were doing when gorgojo entered their plots, an ex-president of

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