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Cooperativa Villa Santa said, “They just cry because they’ve already lost their forest once

the gorgojo enters.” The full impact these losses will have on the cooperatives and the

communities is still unknown.

Resin Tapping

Although its importance has diminished due to diversification within the study

cooperatives, resin tapping is still their most important activity. Silvicultural practices,

reduced profitability, weak markets, and more than two decades of continuous tapping

threaten resin tapping as a viable activity for the cooperatives. Solutions and possible

alternatives are necessary for the continued survival of the resineros and their families.

Declining stocks of trees that can be tapped for resin are a threat to the

sustainability of resin tapping for the cooperatives. They are simply running out of trees

to tap (Figure 6). These groups have been tapping resin continually for over 20 years

without any significant logging or disturbance to promote new regeneration. Logging is a

recent addition for the cooperatives, and so the forests are full of trees that have been

tapped on two, three, or even four faces (Figure 7). Logging also affects the number of

trees available to the resineros. AFE/COHDEFOR will only approve management plans

which specify the “approved” silvicultural method being used by AFE/COHDEFOR at

that time. Whatever the method, the focus of approved management plans is timber

production, while resin tapping and its potential profits are not taken into account. As a

result, trees being tapped by resineros and trees with future resin production potential are

often harvested.


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