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produce more. Plots larger than 1500 trees produce more resin, but they usually require

more than one worker. In this case, the labor costs increase per unit of resin production.

A more detailed study is required to better understand the variables affecting resin

production and profitability

Table 3. Resin tapping cycle and labor requirements.

Score trees

Interval

Interval

Score trees

Interval

Interval

Empty cups

(1 man-day)

(no labor)

(no labor)

(1 man-day)

(no labor)

(no labor)

(1 man-day)

Score trees

Interval

Interval

Score trees

Interval

Interval

Empty cups

(1 man-day)

(no labor)

(no labor)

(1 man-day)

(no labor)

(no labor)

(1 man-day)

Most resineros interviewed reported producing one barrel of resin per month.

According to Table 2, that means that the average cash income for these families in 2002

was 668 Lps. ($38.39) per month for six months of the year. Regardless of labor inputs,

this is not a large income for a family. In addition, resineros working in older worn-out

plots report working the entire month, or approximately eighteen man-days, to produce

one barrel of resin. This yield per unit of labor input is half that obtained by using

FINACOOP’s calculation of six man-days per barrel of resin production. Poor plot

characteristics for resin production or degraded state of trees in the plots may cause lower

yield than the FINACOOP calculated value for Cooperativa Villa Santa.

Various groups have worked to increase the prices paid to the resineros for their

product. FEHCAFOR has always been the primary player negotiating with the Fondo de

Resina for better prices. In the early 1990’s, they experimented with exporting resin to

Guatemala to create competition for the Fondo de Resina. The loss of raw material

54

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