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supply obligated the Fondo to raise prices. FEHCAFOR exported resin for less than a

year before internal conflicts caused them to stop. In 1999, EMCAH, the company

owned by agroforestry cooperatives, again exported resin from its member cooperatives

to INQUIOSA, a company in Guatemala. Between 1999 and 2001, they exported 2910

barrels of resin to Guatemala, which forced the Fondo de Resina to increase prices.

EMCAH stopped exporting because of a conflict over prices with INQUIOSA. The

Fondo de Resina lowered it prices again. FEHCAFOR has been trying to negotiate

higher prices since 2001.

Dwindling tree stocks and conflicts over pricing have made the future of resin

tapping more uncertain for these groups. Many resineros will have to find alternative

employment as the availability of resin plots decreases. Crises like the gorgojo

infestations have exacerbated the problem for the Cooperativa Guadalupe and Villa

Santa. A period of change and adjustment may be approaching for these cooperatives.


All the cooperatives in the study have expanded their activities to include logging.

Logging has the potential to provide a strong complement to resin tapping for these

groups. It will also have important ramifications for the long-term success of the

cooperatives. The introduction of logging in these cooperatives has been a drastic

change, and many challenges have arisen. How the cooperatives adjust to the changes

will shape the future of these groups.

In 1980, Villa Santa was the first group to obtain permission to log. In that

period, COHDEFOR granted short-term ventas locales (local sales) to the group. The


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