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as before, and Quebrada Honda was awaiting meetings to see if they would be allowed to

operate again.

The complexity and risks of logging are much greater than those of resin tapping.

It also requires a larger initial investment. Therefore, difficulties are expected during the

transition period. The study cooperative experiences show potential pitfalls that groups

may encounter when initiating logging and management plan activities. Of the study

cooperatives, Protección had the most positive experience. Their approach differed from

that of the other groups. First, the group made the decision to log by themselves. The

entire cooperative was involved in the process, and they decided how and when they

would do it. They also used their own resources, which means they had a larger stake in

the results. The cooperatives that worked with AFOCO and MAFOR did not have

control over the logging projects. They operated using the model presented by the

projects, instead of developing their own ideas. They also relied almost entirely on

resources from the projects. Protección had problems, but they were free to deal with

these problems and learn from them. The other salient factor of their experience was

simplicity. For their first management plan, they only sold logs to a sawmill. They did

not buy any large machinery which could break down. Villa Santa’s experience

resembled Protección’s, except Villa Santa used higher technology. Villa Santa

purchased a bulldozer to skid logs while Protección used oxen (Figure 9). Protección

was also able to harvest their entire quota. Simplicity, flexibility, and independence were

key factors for Protección’s success relative to the other groups.


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