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company absorbed the risk of owning the mills and supplied the expertise in operating the

them and marketing the lumber.

Wood harvesting done in attempts to control the gorgojo outbreaks nationwide

created a glut on the lumber market in Honduras during 2001 and 2002, which made all

marketing difficult for EMCAH and the cooperatives. The difficult times forced some

large sawmills out of business during that period. Merely surviving until conditions

improve is an accomplishment. Market conditions have improved in 2003, but the

weakness of AFE/COHDEFOR shifted difficulties to the bureaucratic end of production.

The long list of potential problems for cooperatives involved in harvesting,

processing, or marketing lumber limits the number of groups that can realistically

participate in these activities. These activities emphasize the importance of business

skills and knowledge. Those groups able to survive the learning period may have a better

chance of greater success in the future.

Integration of Resin Tapping and Logging

Introducing and incorporating logging within cooperatives that have existed for

two decades tapping resin has been a shock. The ability to manage this transition

smoothly is important for established cooperatives like those in the study because they

cannot afford to remain static. Judging from conversations with resineros, resin tapping

alone is not sustainable without logging to remove tapped-out trees and allow room for

new trees that can be tapped. It may be possible for logging to exist without resin

tapping, but that is probably not the ideal situation. The equal implementation of both

activities together benefits more people at one time in the same forest.

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