viewed as private property, and that the loggers often entered plots uninvited and without
asking permission. The majority of the problem may stem from this violation of cultural
Chaguite Grande and Quebrada Honda were also divided. Once the management
plan was completed, most younger resineros left resin tapping and worked in the logging
groups. Some resineros continued tapping through the whole drama. Now they feel
vindicated in their convictions because of the bad things that happened. In Chaguite
Grande, these people, the “Old Guard,” influenced the cooperative and the community to
simplify things and go back to the old way, focusing on resin tapping. In Quebrada
Honda, the “New Guard” still prevails.
There is no black and white. The view of the Old Guard that resin tapping can go
on forever without logging is just not possible. Nor is it realistic to think that these
groups will drop all their old ways and embrace logging as their new bread and butter.
Experiences in agricultural extension projects worldwide have repeatedly demonstrated
that old ways die hard. They have also taught the lesson that new isn’t always better.
Fortunately, this study exhibits some grey examples that utilize communication and