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so that the impact felt by resineros is less severe. Groups like EMCAH and FEHCAFOR

should also continue their search for alternative markets for resin produced by the

cooperatives.

If alternative markets can be accessed which increase incomes, resin tapping can

be an outstanding activity to promote for new cooperatives. It is inexpensive to begin

tapping, it is simple and easy to learn, and it allows campesinos flexibility and

independence while still providing income. After gaining experience in resin tapping,

new cooperatives might diversify into more complex activities like logging.

Logging

Logging holds great promise for agroforestry cooperatives because of the

potential benefits it can bring. The study cooperatives have shown both potential benefits

and challenges inherent to logging. Benefits include higher income, more jobs, and new

skills. It should be emphasized that logging should not be the first activity a cooperative

attempts. The disadvantages of logging are the increased risks, higher investment,

dependence on government institutions, and the need for specific management skills.

Management skills are necessary because logging is purely business. In business, bad

management means losing money. Cooperatives which want to begin logging should

take the advice of Two Ears of Corn (1995) author Roland Bunch - start slow, start small.

Smaller trials have less chance of failing catastrophically. Logging can also benefit resin

production when older trees no longer useful for resin are harvested.

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