Integration of Logging and Resin Tapping
Resin tapping on its own is not sustainable in the long term. The condition of old
resin plots in the study cooperatives provide evidence to support this. Proper silviculture
can rejuvenate worn-out plots and promote new regeneration. Logging is a necessary
tool for the long-term viability of resin cooperatives. Integration of both activities
provides the greatest benefit for the greatest number of people. For existing cooperatives
that have only tapped resin, the transition can be difficult. Resineros often feel threatened
because they are called on to accept change and sacrifices. Logging must not create
division or resentment within the cooperative. Communication, respect, and participation
are critical during the transition. If people feel they are being treated fairly, there is less
possibility of resentment.
The methods used by Protección and Villa Santa to work with resineros are
excellent examples of this theory. Protección gives all the members a say in the logging
decisions. The resineros always know when they will be affected. Villa Santa uses
direct payment to compensate the losses of resineros. Resineros do not feel they are
making unusual sacrifices for the benefit of others. Cooperatives must realize that both
activities and all cooperative members are equally important.
Cooperatives also need better support from AFE/COHDEFOR during integration.
It is important that management plans consider both timber and resin production.
Cooperatives in the Social Forestry System have different needs than other forest
producers. Flexibility should be available to make management plans more practical for
the realities of the cooperatives.