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MCRP 3-02E Terrorism

The Individual's Guide for Understanding and Surviving

1 characteristics (national, transnational, and international) a terrorist group is also categorized by 2 government affiliation. This helps security planners identify potential terrorist targets, the terrorist 3 intelligence network and possible weaponry. Three general categories of government affiliation 4 are as follows:

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Non-state supported. A non-state supported terrorist group operates autonomously, receiving no significant support from any government.

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State Supported. A state supported terrorist group generally operates independently but receives support from one or more governments.

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State Directed. A state directed terrorist group operates as an agent of a government. In return, the government provides substantial intelligence, logistics, and operational support to the terrorist group.

12 Characteristics

13 The effectiveness of terrorism lies not in the act itself, but in the public's or government's reaction. 14 Most terrorist groups --


Seek to intimidate by promoting fear.

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Are militarily weak. Even though some groups have tanks, artillery, and aircraft, they are still weaker than the governments they fight.

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Do not equate tactical success with mission success. Although the act may not achieve its desired results, it may still be a success if it publicizes the cause.

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Are usually urban-based and highly mobile. Being urban-based, terrorists have access to transportation systems. Those with international contacts also have access to forged passports and safe havens in other countries.

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Generally operate clandestinely. Although some large insurgent organizations have overt branches, the active terrorist cell always maintains strict security.

25 Terrorism Operations

26 Terrorist operations are the same type of criminal activity you witness daily on the news. Of 27 course not every story you hear is the result of terrorism. However, you should consider 28 terrorism as a possibility. All terrorist groups, no matter how they are categorized or what their 29 goal may be, carry out similar operations. The following are common operations conducted by 30 terrorists:

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Bombing (explosives). Many explosive devices are inexpensive and easy to make. Modern explosive devices are smaller, contain greater destructive capability, and are harder


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