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to detect. The April 1995 bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma City is a good example of the ease with which explosive devices can be made and employed.

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Arson. Incendiary devices are cheap and easy to hide. Arson is a useful tactic against public utilities, hotels, houses of government, and industrial centers. Terrorists use arson to draw a crowd, which in turn provides terrorists with the opportunity to use explosives or other weapons.

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Skyjacking and Aircraft Theft. Skyjacking provides terrorists with hostages and draws media attention. An aircraft theft provides terrorists with a tool for conducting kamikaze attacks. Aircraft mobility and distance make retaliation difficult.

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Kidnapping. Kidnapping is a preferred terrorist tactic. Kidnapping of prominent personnel can force a government into acceding to terrorist demands in order to safeguard the release of prisoners.

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Hostage-taking. Hostage-taking is overt and designed for maximum media coverage. Threats on hostages lives can be used to gain concessions from governments. The power in hostage-taking is the life of the hostage. The terrorists' intended target is the audience affected by the hostages confinement, not the hostages.

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Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) Attack. NBC attacks have been almost non-existent in the past. However, the use of chemical devices in the Japanese subway in the summer of 1995 confirms that the threat of a terrorist NBC attack cannot be dismissed. Always consider the potential use of NBC when combating terrorism.

MCRP 3-02E Terrorism

The Individual's Guide for Understanding and Surviving

21 Internal Structure

22 It is hard to learn about the internal structure of a terrorist group. The basic unit is the cell. 23 Types of cells usually found in a well-organized terrorist group are the operational, intelligence, 24 and auxiliary (or support) cells. Number and size depend on the cell function, security measures 25 employed, and the sophistication of the group.

26 The operational cell is the cadre-the action arm of the group. In sophisticated groups, these cells 27 may be highly specialized with bombers, assassins, or personnel performing other specific 28 functions. In newer or less sophisticated groups, operational cells may perform many jobs, 29 including intelligence and support. Size is usually three to five people.

30 The intelligence cell collects information on potential targets. It is highly compartmentalized and 31 follows very strict security. Size varies greatly.

32 The auxiliary cell usually performs support functions such as raising funds, screening recruits, 33 and distributing propaganda. Auxiliary cells are often larger and less strictly compartmentalized 34 than other cells. They can consist entirely of terrorist sympathizers and supporters other than 35 cadre.

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