MCRP 3-02E Terrorism
The Individual's Guide for Understanding and Surviving
1 The structure of a well-organized terrorist organization may include a national command 2 responsible for overall operations. This command is further divided into subcommands down to 3 the cells. The Red Brigade has a national command and regional columns, each consisting of one 4 or more fronts, and each front consisting of one or more cells.
5 Group members hold positions according to their level of participation. 6 The hard core leadership are the planners, organizers, and leaders. Well-trained and 7 indoctrinated, they devote considerable time and effort to the cause.
8 The active cadre are the doers. In carrying out their leader's orders, they do will anything for the 9 cause.
10 The active supporters are people who believe in the cause and want to help further it, but they 11 are not yet ready or willing to commit an act of terrorism. They may provide money, safe houses, 12 intelligence, and other types of support. Active supporters often come from the professional 13 class.
14 The passive supporters are the hardest to identify. As the mass support base that is vital to the 15 terrorists, they supply the target audience for propaganda. Terrorists rely on them to spread the 16 word. The passive support provided may take the form of demonstrations or other publicity 17 producing events. These events are seldom criminal in nature.
19 Terrorist training is oriented to the mission, area, and security environment where terrorists must 20 operate. Discipline is strictly enforced. Trainees are constantly watched. Much of the training is 21 standardized. Most training camps use Carlos Marighella's MiniManual for the Urban Guerrilla 22 and, surprisingly, the U.S. Army's Special Forces Operational Techniques and Ranger Handbook 23 as guides.
24 Usually, internal training is conducted secretly by group members within the target country. If 25 secure bases are available, permanent training camps may be built, such as those used by many 26 Palestinian factions in Arab countries. If secure areas are unavailable, training is conducted in safe 27 houses. Even small arms training is conducted using air guns or other near silent weapons.
28 External training is conducted by non-group members, often outside the target country. Most 29 known international training camps are in the Middle East. Libya boasts more than 70. The Junta 30 for Revolutionary Coordination (JRC) has its headquarters in Havana. Branch offices are in 31 Nicaragua, Mexico, the U.S., Canada, France, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, and Sweden The 32 former Soviet Union and other east block countries also provide training camps, as well as China, 33 North Korea, and Vietnam.
34 Training for fighters may last up to 1 year. Leaders may train for up to 4 years. Training usually 35 includes instruction in --