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MCRP 3-02E Terrorism

The Individual's Guide for Understanding and Surviving

1 Remember, as a member of the Armed Forces, you are a potential hostage. When you arrive at a 2 high-terrorist-risk area, one of the first things to do is prepare for your own personal 3 contingencies. You can prepare yourself for the rigors of captivity, which in turn will provide for 4 a degree of peace of mind.

5 To lessen the trauma on you and your family, family and personal affairs should be maintained in 6 good order. Wills should be current, appropriate powers of attorney drawn up, and measures 7 taken to ensure family financial security. Samples of handwriting should be taken under various 8 conditions such as writing on the hood of a car and writing on the bare ground. Discuss with 9 your family what they should do in the event of your abduction. Make a packet containing 10 instructions, money, airline tickets, credit cards, insurance policies, and the name of the person or 11 agency to contact for survivor assistance. Some hostages who didn't plan added this worry to 12 their hours in captivity.

13 Carry a week's supply of all essential medicine (if possible, generic brands). If taken hostage, 14 explain the importance of it to your captors. If necessary, request more. If they wanted you 15 dead, you wouldn't be alive and asking for medicine. Don't be reluctant to accept what is 16 provided.

17 Documents and other sensitive or potentially embarrassing items should not be carried in 18 briefcases or on your person. If taken hostage, be prepared to explain telephone numbers, 19 addresses, names, and any other items carried at the time of capture. During captivity, try to 20 convince your captors that they have kidnapped the wrong person. The terrorists may not be 21 convinced, but don't give up. Obviously, you cannot use this approach if the terrorist intended to 22 kidnap the defense attaché and you are carrying documents that prove your are the attaché.

23 Knowledge of Occurrences-The Stockholm Syndrome

24 Because you are a potential hostage, you should know and understand the Stockholm syndrome. 25 If taken hostage either individually or in a group, you will be able to recognize what is happening 26 to you or other hostages. It seems to be an automatic, probably unconscious, emotional response 27 to the trauma of becoming a victim. Observed around the world, the Stockholm syndrome 28 includes a high level of stress as participants are cast together in this new level of adaptation. It 29 results in a positive bond, a phenomenon that affects both the hostage and the hostage-taker. The 30 positive emotional bond, born in or perhaps because of the stress of being in a closed room under 31 siege, unites its victims against the outside world. An attitude of "It's us against them" seems to 32 develop.

33 No one knows how long the syndrome lasts. Like the automatic reflex action of the knee, this 34 bond seems to be beyond the control of the hostage and the hostage-taker. It usually develops, 35 but not always. The British ambassador to Uruguay, Geoffrey Jackson, was abducted and held by 36 Tupamaro terrorists for 244 days. While in captivity he remained in thought and actions the 37 ambassador, the queen's representative. He so impressed his captors with his dignity that they 38 were forced to regularly change his guards and isolate him for fear he might convince the guards 39 that his cause was just and theirs was foolish. Others, such as the U.S. Embassy agricultural


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