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MCRP 3-02E Terrorism

The Individual's Guide for Understanding and Surviving

1 this occurs at the unconscious level as the ego activates its defense mechanisms. Defense 2 mechanism's are narrowly defined as the essential unconscious physiological adjustment that the 3 individual makes to a present danger and its attendant anxiety. They are largely influenced by the 4 personality of the individual and are often characteristic of his response in many different 5 situations. Here, once again, we are talking about the unconscious level. So what happens when 6 a victim decides consciously that the most advantageous behavior in this predicament is to 7 befriend his captor? Then we are no long employing defense mechanisms at the unconscious 8 level. We are employing a mental process known as coping.

9 Coping is an ongoing, active process used to meet the task requirements of adapting to a 10 relatively difficult situation. Coping involves innovative rather than routine behaviors. It differs 11 from defense mechanisms in that it is not restricted to unconscious psychological mechanisms, but 12 also involves conscious, deliberate behavior as well. Coping, if used properly, is a good device 13 for employing rapport-building techniques. It does have a drawback in that many people, 14 including terrorists, don't like to be patronized.

15 Resist or Surrender?

16 During the initial moment of capture, you must make an instant decision-resist or surrender? 17 Even though it is the most dangerous time of a hostage ordeal, you must not panic! Do not make 18 any sudden movement which may rattle an already anxious gunman. Abductors are tense; 19 adrenaline is flowing. Unintentional violence can be committed with the slightest provocation. 20 Raising a hand to scratch one's scalp may be wrongly interpreted and trigger a deadly response. 21 You may need to reassure your abductors that you are not trying to escape.

22 Abductors meticulously plan to capture hostages. Initiative, time, location, and circumstances of 23 the capture favor abductors, not hostages. Manpower and firepower brought to bear at the 24 moment of capture leave little opportunity for escape.

25 Many who have tried to escape have been killed or injured. But there are also circumstances 26 where it is more risky to be captured. If captured by Central American terrorists, you should 27 consider escape regardless of the risk. The record for such hostages has been grim where their 28 governments believe in no concessions. Our government believes in no concessions. Tragically, 29 the U.S. Ambassador to Guatemala, Gordon Mein, was killed as he tried to escape. He took only 30 a few steps before he was shot down by a submachinegun burst. Others who have resisted were 31 lucky to receive only cuts, bruises, or smashed spectacles, an inauspicious way to begin an 32 indeterminate period of incarceration.

33 If you decide in advance to try to escape, try to plan and practice doing so. For example, you can 34 observe possible points of interception and plan the best courses of action. Plans to resist at home 35 or work can also be mentally visualized.

36 Survival Techniques

3-8

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