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MCRP 3-02E Terrorism

The Individual's Guide for Understanding and Surviving

1 Remember, the terrorists want you alive! While they may use drugs, blindfolds, or gags when 2 they abduct you, do not be alarmed or resist unduly. Struggling is likely to result in even more 3 severe measures.

4 Terrorists have drugged some of their victims, usually at the beginning of an operation. This was 5 done to put the victim to sleep or keep him pacified. This experience should not be alarming. At 6 this stage, the hostage's life is almost as important to the terrorist as it is to the victim. It is 7 natural for victims to fear that drugs will be used against them in order to produce harmful 8 physical effects such as hallucinations, addiction, and painful withdrawal. Such drugs may include 9 heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), or sleeping pills. In all cases, drugs used to quiet or put 10 to sleep do not have lasting effects. The human system can tolerate these blows as well as, if not 11 better than, physical abuse. The "truth serum" drugs, if used on the hostage, are quite inefficient, 12 and their results are similar to those of alcohol. The hostage can judge their effects by comparing 13 them to his reaction to one or two alcoholic drinks. Generally, the victim discovers that his 14 defenses are down, and he is more loquacious. Even under these circumstances, however, he can 15 maintain security.

16 Terrorists may use blindfolds or hoods on the victims. These could be used to keep the victim 17 from knowing where he is being taken, as well as to prevent the victim from identifying the 18 terrorists later. If the latter is the case, it is best not to remove the blindfold when an opportunity 19 arises. You will leave the terrorist no alternative but to kill you. For the same reason, if the 20 terrorists are masked or hooded, do not attempt to unmask them.

21 Stay alert! If blindfolded and gagged during transportation, occupy you mind by noting-for later 22 reference-sounds, direction of movement, passage of time, conversations of the terrorists, and 23 other information or circumstances that might be useful. For example, you might hear train sounds 24 that might indicate you are near a train station or going by railroad tracks. Sounds from crossing 25 a bridge or hearing a ship's horn would indicate you are crossing a river or near a body of water. 26 If you can hear the terrorists talk, try to pick up a traffic direction, such as "make a left at 27 McDonald's." With these indicators and passage of time, you might be able to guess the possible 28 route and the area where they have taken you. All this information will be very useful if you are 29 released or if you escape while the terrorists are still holding other hostages.

30 Adjusting to Captivity

31 If you get this far in a hostage ordeal, then you wisely elected to surrender rather than resist. 32 Now you have a 96 percent chance of surviving. But to survive, you must adjust. It's too late to 33 do what you should have done to avoid capture. Don't call yourself stupid and attempt to kick 34 yourself, though you may be right in thinking that.

35 The living conditions hostages have endured have varied from incident to incident. Hostages 36 have been held for days in a bus, airliner, or train where heat or lack of heat and lack of adequate 37 water, food, and toilet facilities can be almost unbearable. However, a process of humanization 38 can take place while hostages and captors are locked together. When a hostage can build 39 empathy while maintaining dignity, he can lessen the aggression of a captor. Most people cannot


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