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MCRP 3-02E Terrorism

The Individual's Guide for Understanding and Surviving

1 to brush your teeth, make up the bed, or perhaps study ants parading in and out of the cell. If it is 2 your day of worship, mentally walk through the various parts of the service.

3 Usually, terrorists want to keep hostages alive and well. Do not hesitate to complain and ask for 4 medication. Terrorists who want hostages alive are not likely to take changes by providing the 5 wrong medicine. Terrorists have often provided medical care to hostages who were suffering 6 from illness and/or injury. A side effect of captivity for some hostages is weight loss. Although 7 this may be considerable, it generally does not cause health problems. Weight loss may occur 8 even with adequate food since sometimes captives lose their appetites. Hostages may suffer 9 gastrointestinal upset, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and/or constipation. Although these 10 symptoms can be debilitating, they are usually not life-threatening.

11 Make every attempt to establish rapport with the terrorists, but do it with dignity and 12 self-respect. It may save your life. Make eye contact. Greet them. Smile. Try to talk to them, 13 especially about your family. If you are caring any family photos, show them. If a terrorist wants 14 to talk about his cause, act interested even though you're not. Explain that you might not agree 15 with him, but you're interested in his point view. Don't argue with him! In establishing rapport, 16 you make a transition from a faceless symbol who has been dehumanized to one who is a human 17 again. On the other hand, do not get emotional and start begging, crying that you have a wife and 18 family, and you're too young and don't want to die. A terrorist down not want to hear it. You 19 probably represent everything he's against, and you're the reason he's there when he could be 20 elsewhere with his loved ones.

21 It is hard if not impossible to establish rapport if the terrorists have isolated you. They are 22 familiar with the Stockholm syndrome and isolate hostages for that reason. Consciously or 23 unconsciously, the terrorist dehumanized you, thereby making it easier to kill you. As long as you 24 are isolated, the Stockholm syndrome will not be a force that might save your life. The only thing 25 you can do is maintain you dignity and self-respect.

26 As time passes and positive contact between hostage and hostage-taker begins, the Stockholm 27 syndrome also begins to take its effect on the hostage-taker. It was evident at Entebbe in July 28 1976, when one of the terrorists, who had talked with a hostage, elected at the moment of the 29 attack to shoot Israeli commandos rather than execute hostages.

30 Another moving account of this relationship was presented by Dr. Frank Ochberg. Mr. Gerard

31

50s, was one of many hostages of the South Moluccans in

32 December 1975. Mr. Vaders related his experience to Dr. Ochberg: "On the second night, they 33 tied me again to be a living shield and left me in that position for 7 hours. The one who was the 34 most psychopathic kept telling me 'Your time has come. Say your prayers.' They selected me for 35 the third execution. In the morning, when I knew I was going to be executed, I asked to talk to 36 Prins (another hostage) to give him a message to take to my family. I wanted to explain my 37 family situation. My foster child, whose parents had been killed, did not get along too well with 38 my wife, and I had at that time a crisis in my marriage just behind me. There were other things, 39 too. Somewhere, I had the feeling that I had failed as human being. I explained all this, and the 40 terrorists insisted on listening."

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