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MCRP 3-02E Terrorism

The Individual's Guide for Understanding and Surviving

1 the insane who had no regard for destroying property or killing or maiming innocent people. 2 Terrorists are often intelligent, rational people deeply committed to a cause. They think that 3 violence is morally justified to achieve their goals.

4 A breakdown of worldwide terrorists incidents for 1996 indicates that approximately 39.1 percent 5 were bombings, 23.9 percent were firebombings; 13.1 percent were armed attacks, 10.4 percent 6 were arson, 9.4 percent were kidnappings/hostage taking, .7 percent were hijackings, and 3 7 percent were other type incidents.

8 Where does the future of terrorism lie? Many feel it is only a matter of time before some of these 9 groups obtain nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons with which they may truly hold the free 10 world hostage. Could democracy survive such an assault? Only time will tell. Because you 11 represent the U.S., you are a likely potential victim of terrorism. Especially overseas, you and 12 your dependents may become pawns in a violent, deadly game where terrorist goals are fear, 13 anarchy, and world revolution. Remember the U.S. policy: "We will not negotiate, we will not 14 pay a ransom, and we will not release prisoners."

15 Perspectives

16 Terrorism has always been hard to define. Different people see the same act and interpret it 17 according to their experience and prejudices. The phrase "one man's terrorist is another man's 18 freedom fighter" is overused because in many ways it is true.

19 Terrorists do not see themselves as evil. They think they are legitimate combatants, fighting for 20 what they believe in however they can. Victims see all acts of violence committed by their 21 opponents as terrorism.

22 Public opinion, which is the most important perspective, will ultimately supply the pressure that 23 causes target governments or groups to act in such a way that determines the success or failure of 24 the terrorists' goals. Part of the audience will always be for or against terrorist actions. Terrorist 25 acts do not elicit neutral responses. However, one thing is certain. Many large terrorist groups 26 spend large amounts of money on sophisticated public relations and propaganda campaigns to 27 foster "Robin Hood" images.

28 Motivation

29 What motivates terrorists? Political ideology, nationalism, religion, and special interests.

30 Political ideology ranges from the far left to the far right. Politics of the extreme left come in 31 many forms. Marxists/Leninists believe in a revolution of urban workers led by a group of 32 revolutionary elite. This elite will establish a communist state where there is no private property 33 and the means of production are controlled by the workers. Maoists also want a communist state, 34 but they hope to achieve it by mobilizing peasants. Fascists stress the importance of the state 35 above the rights of people. A dictatorship of the far right is typically sustained by merging state


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