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      • Lend-Lease Act, passed March. 1941 – material loaned from the

        • U.

          S. for Britain to fight the Germans

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        June 1941 – Operation Barbarossa -- Germany attacks the Soviet Union

  • o

    Submarine Warfare in Atlantic

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      Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941 -- Japanese attack on the U.S./

      • U.S. Declares war on Japan Dec. 8th after the Japanese surprise attack

      • Germany declares war on the U.S. Dec. 11th

Phase III: Big Three at War

  • o

    Major Theaters of War

    • o

      European

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        North Africa (& Middle East)

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        Pacific – Australia & Pacific Islands

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        Asiatic – India, & China

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      Stage 1: Defensive Position of the Allies – Holding Action – Make sure the Axis gain no more ground

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        Early 1942 – Axis Powers winning; Germans and Japanese advancing.

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        Holocaust begins in earnest in Germany

        • The extermination of European Jews & any “undesirables”

        • 6 million Jews rounded up and killed – shot, gas chambers, starved & worked to death

        • Continued throughout the war – even when Germany started losing

    • o

      Stage 2: Jun- Dec. 1942: Allied Victories begin – The Turning point Battles

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        June 1942 –Midway (Pacific) – U.S. defeats the Japanese by surprising them after breaking the Japanese code

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        El Alamein – Oct. 23 – Nov.4, 1942 (N. Africa) -- the British defeat the Germans & keep them away from the Suez Canal & Middle East oil fields

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        Stalingrad – Dec. 1942 to Feb. 1943 (Eastern Europe) German siege of Stalingrad fails. Russians hold out and then bring in elite troops from Siberia to begin driving the Germans back

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      Stage 3: Allied Offensives

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        Soviets move West and begin pushing the Germans back – 1943, early 1944

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        American Invasion of Italy, 1943

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        Island Hopping in Pacific -- taking only the most important islands

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