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        • Series of Victories against the Japanese by Americans & Australian forces

  • o

    Stage 4: Operation Overlord – Invasion of Europe

    • o

      American General Dwight D. Eisenhower – Overall Commander

      • D-day & of Allied forces

      • o

        D-Day June 6, 1944 – Invasion of Europe by the Allies

        • Largest Amphibious assault force ever assembled

        • Creates a Second Front in Europe

        • Germans now being attacked successfully from 2 sides

      • o

        Battle of the Bulge, Dec. 16, 1944 – Jan. 25, 1945

        • Last great push of the Germans

        • Over one million men in the Battle

        • 81,000 American casualties – worst of the War

        • Fuels American anger after the War

      • o

        Germans pushed back & so only a matter of time till the end.

        • Continued to fight

        • Race to see whether the Americans or Russians would reach Berlin first

        • Hitler commits suicide April 1945

        • Germans surrender unconditionally

      • o

        V-E Day (victory in Europe) – May 7, 1945

        • Germany divided into 4 occupation zones by the Allies

        • These will become a divided Germany during the Cold War

      • o

        Japan remained

        • American victory at Iwo Jima, Feb. 1945

        • Began launching bombing raids on Tokyo

        • Estimates to take home islands of Japan = over 1 million American lives

        • First Atomic bomb exploded in New Mexico in July 1945

        • First Atomic bomb dropped on Japan at Hiroshima -- Aug. 6, 1945

  • Japanese make surrender overtures through the Russians ,

but they don’t deliver the message

  • Russians declare war on Japan: Aug. 8, 1945 & take Kurile

Islands and part of Manchuria. Japanese do not surrender – Second bomb 1945

  • --

    Nagasaki , Aug. 9,

  • The Emperor (Hirohito) of Japan intervenes with his

military and insists on surrendering

  • Overtures sent through the Swiss not the Russians

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