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      V-J or V-P Day -- Victory over Japan/ Victory in the Pacific Aug. 15, 1945 when the Japanese Surrender

      • U.S. Occupation of Japan 1945- 1952

  • o

    Conferences of the war determine the post- War World

Creating the Post-War World

  • Series of Wartime conferences

    • 1.

      First Conference: Atlantic Charter, 1941:

        • a.

          Churchill & FDR set war goals (First)

        • b.

          Democracy, lasting peace

        • c.

          Unconditional surrender from Axis Powers – nothing less

    • 2.

      Strategy for the War decided

        • a.

          Casablanca (Jan. 1943);

        • b.

          Tehran – Nov. –Dec. 1943

        • c.

          All of the Big Three there – FDR, Stalin & Churchill

  • They also determined the Post-War World

      • o

        Political & Economic Conferences

  • July 1944, Bretton Woods (in New Hampshire ) Conference – Economic

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        Creation of IMF –International Monetary Fund sets international values of currencies

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        World Bank established for rebuilding after the War

  • September 1944, Dumbarton Oaks ( A mansion in Georgetown, outside Washington, D.C.) -- -- International Politics

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      Formation of the United Nations to replace the defunct League of Nations

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        Different structure with more ability for enforcement & commitment of

the major world powers Yalta, Feb. 1945 -- Political & the Cold War

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    Occupation of Germany – 4 Zones --

    • Britain, U.S., France & U.S.S.R.

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      Seeds of the Cold War Divisions (Eastern Europe)

      • Russian liberation of these areas meant Communist take over

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      Korea to be liberated by both the U.S. & the U.S.S.R.

      • Stop at the 38th Parallel – still the division of North & South Korea

Potsdam Conference in Germany, July 1945

o

Players: Stalin, Clement Atlee (elections in Britain meant new party

in

power)

& Truman

(FDR died in April)

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