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6GEO3 Unit 3 Contested Planet Topic 5: Bridging the Development Gap - page 13 / 24

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Megacities

Poverty and lack of opportunity is often most acute in rural areas*

However, developing world megacities contain growing concentrations of urban poverty

Some 1 billion people live in urban slums, likely to grow to 2 billion by 2030

Slums often have:

Poorly built, shack housing

Limited and expensive water supply

Limited sanitation

Informal, unreliable employment

Lack of rubbish collection  

Social problems such as disease, crime

Few services such as education and health

*see the rural urban data for Pakistan

and Guatemala on previous and next slides

A UN-Habitat report in 2006 stated there was concrete evidence that there are two cities within one city – one part of the urban population that has all the benefits of urban living, and the other part, the slums and squatter settlements, where the poor often live under worse conditions than their rural relatives.

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