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6GEO3 Unit 3 Contested Planet Topic 5: Bridging the Development Gap - page 16 / 24

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Poverty reduction at a price?

The pressing need to reduce poverty has led some countries to ‘go for growth’

Both China and India (and the ‘Asian Tigers’ before them) have opened their economies to world trade and investment

This has created employment, raised incomes and reduced poverty  

(estimates of extreme poverty)

1980

2005

India

45%

25%

China

60%+

10%

Social and Environmental Issues

Increased rural –v- urban inequality

Mass rural-urban migration and rise in urban slums

Increased air and water pollution from industry

Stress on forests and water supply as resource demands rise

Possibility of rising debt; financial crises

Social problems – urban crime and disease

Worker exploitation and human rights abuses

Breakdown of traditional family structures and community support

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