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6GEO3 Unit 3 Contested Planet Topic 5: Bridging the Development Gap - page 4 / 24

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1. The causes of the gap

The development gap relates to global inequality

Around 2.8 billion people live on under $2 per day (‘moderate poverty’)

Some 1.1 billion people live on less than $1.25 per day (‘extreme poverty’)

Over time a greater proportion of wealth has concentrated in the hands of the richest 20% of people, compared to the poorest 20% of people (see graph)

Since 1980, the percentage of people living in extreme poverty has fallen from 40% to 20% of world population, but because of population growth the total number of people is extreme poverty is still very high.

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