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PARENTAL INVOLVMENT, FAMILY STRUCTURE, AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT - page 39 / 102

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Chapter 3

METHODOLOGY

Hypotheses

Hypothesis 1: Students from families that include both biological parents are likely to

exhibit greater academic achievement relative to students from non-

traditional family structures.

Hypothesis 2: Academic achievement scores for students who discuss school activities

with their parents will be higher than scores for students who do not

discuss school activities with their parents.

Hypothesis 3: Students from families where parental involvement includes checking up

on their homework will likely exhibit lower academic achievement scores

relative to those students whose parents do not check up on their

homework.

Hypothesis 4: After controlling for all other variables, family SES will emerge as the

variable having the largest effect on academic achievement.

Sample

This research replicates an earlier study, Effects of Parental Involvement and Family

Structure on the Academic Achievement of Adolescents, conducted by William H. Jeynes

in 2005. Data collected for Jeynes’ original study was taken from the first and second

follow-up years of National Education Longitudinal Study’s (NELS:88) collected in 1990

and 1992. Both waves of the longitudinal study were designed and implemented so as to

include large numbers of students attending high school during those years. Every effort

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