PARENTAL INVOLVMENT, FAMILY STRUCTURE, AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT by
Michael Allen Small
Statement of the Problem
In recent years, parental involvement has become the focus of attention for many
researchers interested in investigating factors that influence academic achievement.
While there are many possible reasons for this continued interest, it is important to
continuously re-evaluate the factors that influence academic progress as a means of
reducing social inequality and narrowing the gap between rich and poor. In addition,
family structure and the factors that inhibit or enhance parental involvement are
undergoing constant change. The purpose of this study is to replicate an earlier study,
Effects of Parental Involvement and Family Structure on the Academic Achievement of
Adolescents (Jeynes, 2005), that found that many types of parental involvement are
positively correlated with the child’s academic achievement.
Sources of Data
In addition to a substantial review of the current literature on the subject of parental
involvement, family structure, and academic achievement, the main sources of data used
in the development and production of this thesis are the National Education Longitudinal
Study 1988-2000, and the Education Longitudinal Study 2002-2004.