independence war of physical assets, was consequences of the
1971, a war which caused huge losses in human and
further aggravated by a severe worsening economic conditions
famine in 1974. The marked by increasing
landlessness and impoverishment were more severely felt by women then by Many women lost their male custodians through death or migration to urban
by males in meant that subsistence
search of work, and for poor households the decline in family income women had to contribute economically to meet the family’s
society began to participate in economic work outside the home, such construction work organised under the state sponsored Food Programme (FFW)11.
as the rural for Works
Figure 2 shows the changes in the size of the labour force over the past 40 years. The size of the female labour force, which stagnated between 1961 and 1974,
began to make a substantial 1999/2000, the female labour
increase after independence.
Between 1974 and
in contrast to the 3 percent labour force, respectively.
11 A Food for Work programme was initiated Programme and the United States Agency for
in 1975 by both the World International Development.
has two combined creation for the poor.
objectives, infrastructure development and It distributes wheat as wages in kind to the
participants of various infrastructure development roads, embankments, canals and tanks.