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Bangladesh was considered to be a typical example of low incidence of female

migration. This is corroborated by the high sex ratio (number females) in urban areas compared with rural areas (Table 5).

of males per 100 Nevertheless the

gap

has

been

closing

over

the

years,

as

shown

in

the

same

table.

The

sex-ratio

of Dhaka also decreased relatively greater increase

from 150 in 1961 to 123.4 in 2001, indicating a in the female population in Dhaka in recent years.

Table 6 between

also 20 to

indicates the large decrease in 40 over the period between 1981

the and

sex-ratio for the age 2001, with the largest

groups decline

for the 25 to 29 age group. increasing migration of women

This is considered to

of

working

age.

This

be a clear indication of is corroborated by labour

force survey data.

The urban female labour force demonstrated the highest

rate

of increase throughout the period between 1974 and 1999/2000 (Table 7).

Census year

Rural

Urban

1941

106.3

150.1

1951

108.5

150.7

1961

106.0

142.3

1974

105.9

129.4

1981

103.3

125.8

1991

103.4

118.1

2001

103.6

117.2

Table 5. Sex-ratio

of rural and urban population

Source: Analytical Report of Population Census 1991 and Population Census 2001: National Report (Provisional).

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