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Male

2.1

1.4

3.1

1.4

Female

10.1

10.1

11.8

8.2

6.6

6.1

9.6

3.6

Male

5.6

5.8

9.0

1.9

Female

13.9

12.2

16.2

12.5

2.3

2.8

2.0

2.3

Male

1.5

2.5

1.0

1.3

Female

9.4

9.8

11.1

7.2

Source:

Calculated from LFS 1995-96; 1999-2000

Rural Total

Urban Total

Table 7. Annual average growth rate of labour force, 10 years and above (%) 1974-1999 1974-1980 1980-1990/91 1990/91 -1999/2000 2.5 Total labour force 2.9 1.8 3.9

This is followed by housemaid, and the two occupations together make up half of

urban female employment.

These are also the few occupations in which female

workers

outnumber

male

workers.

Male

employment

in

the

tailor,

dressmaker

category is 2,68,000, compared with 7,18,000 for females. housemaids, the difference is much larger, 62,000 male and workers.

In the case of 4,54,000 female

The predominant position that the RMG industry occupies in urban female employment is indicated by the fact that 78.3 percent of female employment in the manufacturing sector is provided by the RMG industry alone (Census of

Manufacturing that for male

Industries 1999/2000)15. workers, which is 21.2

This figure is percent. (For

significantly higher than males, the next highest

occupation is in

the

For both male

and

manufacture of bricks, tiles and non-clay products (13.5%).) female workers in the manufacturing sector, RMG is the

15 In the case of India, the employment concentration of male and female in the RMG industry is 2 percent and 17 percent, respectively (Annual Survey of Industries 1999/2000). However, this data underestimates the size of RMG-related employment as it covers only directly employed workers.

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