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giving prior notice to management.

While this may be due to the lack of a

formal system consequences.

for

leaves,

it

is

the

workers,

not

management,

that

suffer

negative

Besides the one case of factory closure, in which 500 workers were fired, three respondents cited relocation of the factory as reason for dismissal. Recently many larger factories have begun to move from congested Dhaka to suburbs such as Savar where larger plots are available and buildings with better physical facilities can be constructed. This enables expansion of production lines and also satisfies social requirements increasingly emphasised by foreign buyers by

providing

a better

working

worked in

the same

factory.

environment. Two of Both the factories were

the three

respondents had

located in

Rampura, Dhaka,

an area strategy impacts

where RMG factories are concentrated. Factory relocation is for management in the post-MFA competition, but it has on the livelihoods of individual workers.

a survival significant

Factory closure

1

3.7

Absence without notice

6

22.2

Absence for sickness

16

59.3

Factory relocation

3

11.1

Conflict with management

1

3.7

Total

27

100.0

Table 25. Reason for dismissal by factory

Respondent Percentage (%)

(3) Livelihoods impacts

The immediate impact that losing a factory job has had on former workers’ livelihoods is a decrease in earnings. Sixty-six workers still have wages due

them.

In many factories basic salary

overtime

payment

is

often

delayed

to

and overtime are paid separately, and keep workers from leaving for other

factories and to retain working capital. and in 20 cases both basic salary and

In all 66 cases overtime is yet to be paid, overtime are outstanding. On average,

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