relationships is hard to obtain in the context of a formal interview.
ex-workers who cited worsened family relationships may represent a more general problem of deterioration of gender-relationships garment workers’ households.
what is in fact in retrenched
In recent years many foresaw a gloomy future for Bangladesh in the post-MFA era, experts frequently predicting a loss of 1 to 1.5 million jobs in the Bangladesh RMG industry (International Confederation of Free Trade Unions 2004; Steps Towards Development 2004; Fritsch 2003; Siddiqi 2003).
In August 2005, when I visited Bangladesh in order to prepare for this survey, Professor Mustafizur Rahman, a reputed expert on the RMG industry, stated that information about closure of factories and retrenchment of workers remained
anecdotal. of all the completed
In his opinion, ‘smart factories’, which account RMG factories, are expanding their production.
for 10 They
to 15 percent have already restructuring,
increase in production machinery and expansion of their high-end markets. According to him, it will be the which will first face closure, and this will have gender
design sections, targeting sub-contracting factories implications because the
share of female workers mentioned that the growing
is particularly high in those importance of knitwear exports
negatively against women.
This is because knit RMG
multi-skills is being introduced. operate such machinery.
is more male-intensive, which machinery with generally employed to
In another interview conducted in August 2005, an owner of woven RMG factories and an executive of BGMEA pointed out the sharp reduction of Cutting
and Making (C & regime, quotas gave
M) charges Bangladesh
after the factories a
MFA withdrawal. bargaining edge in