informal and arbitrary practices found in what are formal sector factories. Nevertheless, we should not overlook the fact that the workers’ own arbitrary behaviour, while it can be interpreted as a coping strategy under harsh working conditions, reinforces the persistence of informal and arbitrary management practices.
It remains to be seen how the Bangladesh RMG industry will carve out a share in today’s highly competitive market. The relocation of factories being carried out by forward-looking factory owners may lead to creation of new jobs but it also implies retrenchment of old workers who cannot cope with the change. Future actions by firms and policy makers should therefore be carefully observed in terms of their impacts, not only on the firms’ and the industry’s survival, but also
on the workers as well.