Figure 1.Trend of garment exports
1983/84 1986/87 1989/90 1992/93 1995/96
Source: Bangladesh Economic Review, Ministory of Finance, various issues..
Structure of, and Changes in, the Female Labour Market
These far-reaching economic sphere.
impacts on the garment industry are The RMG industry is a female
not confined to the dominant industry.
According to the accounted for 66.5
latest Census of Manufacturing percent of industry employment in
(CMI), females (Table 1). The
female concentration in the RMG industry average for manufacturing as a whole.
Although the RMG industry is generally considered to be a female-intensive industry, in the historical and cultural context of Bangladesh, the massive entry of female workers into the formal industrial sector was a totally new phenomenon and bore important social, cultural and political implications.
Historically, the labour market in Bangladesh, as in most other countries, has had two characteristics: segregation based on gender and segregation based on class.