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Table 1.

Gender-wise employment status in RMG industry (1999/2000, persons)

Total number employed

Administration, clerical, sales work

Production-related work

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

(Female share) Knit-RMG

24199

27114

6526

8

17092

27106

Total

1699897

913667

manufacturing

(35.0%)

Source: Compiled from Bangladesh 1999-2000, Table 16.

Woven-RMG

336933

688445

(67.1%)

Total RMG

361132

715559

(52.8%)

(66.5%)

55546

62072

250491

    • (0.1

      %) 1343

    • (2.4

      %) 1351

    • (2.1

      %) 4189

    • (1.6

      %)

273965

291057

1171234

(61.3%) 686218 (71.5%) 713324 (71.0%) 833795 (41.6%)

Census of Manufacturing Industries

The gender-based difference implies that women’s participation in production is

more male

limited than and female

men’s. labour

Table 2 shows the wide gap that exists between the

participation

rates.

Bangladesh

women’s

labour

participation

is lower

Pakistan and

Turkey.

than most of the other countries listed here, except for Needless to say the low participation rates do not imply

that women do double the rate

not work. Revising the definition of ‘work’ increased more than of female labour participation, in 2000, for instance, from 23.9%

based on the usual definition to 55.9% based on contrast, male participation rates remained more or

a broadened definition. less the same at 84.0%

In and

87.3%, respectively. been mainly unpaid.

Women’s work has been underestimated because it has The broadened definition of ‘work’ includes household

economic activities such as the care of poultry and livestock, threshing, cleaning,

boiling, profit.

drying, processing and preservation of food etc. with or without pay or In 2000, some 56 percent of total female labour was engaged in these

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