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Hub and Spoke

A Hub is an airport at a geographical center of an airline’s route and generally includes administrative offices and maintenance facilities.  Hubs are airports used as bases through which the airline routes most of its traffic.  Flights from other cities (these are the spokes) are routed to the hub.  Passengers from the spoke flights are combined with passengers from the hub and other spoke flights, and transported to a common destination.  These shorter flights are more economical for the airlines to operate, and afford the airline a more comprehensive route structure.  The following table presents the major hubs in North America:

Airline

Airline Code

Hub Code

Hub

AirTran Airlines

FL

ATL

Atlanta

Alaska Airlines

AS

SEA

ANC

LAX

Seattle

Anchorage

Los Angeles

America West

HP

PHX

LAS

Phoenix

Las Vegas

American Airlines

AA

DFW

MIA

ORD

JFK / LGA

BOS

Dallas / Fort Worth

Miami

Chicago / O’Hare

NYC

Boston

American Trans Air

TZ

MDW

Chicago/Midway

Continental Airlines

CO

IAH

CLE

EWR

Houston/Intercontinental

Cleveland

Newark

Delta Airlines

DL

ATL

DFW

Atlanta

Dallas / Fort Worth

Northwest Airlines

NW

MSP

DTW

MEM

Minneapolis

Detroit

Memphis

Southwest Airlines

WN

DAL

PHX

OAK

Dallas / Love Field

Phoenix

Oakland

United Airlines

UA

ORD

SFO

LAX

IAD/DCA

Chicago / O’Hare

San Francisco

Los Angeles

Washington DC

US Airways

US

PHL

CLT

PIT

Philadelphia

Charlotte

Pittsburgh

Internet Reference Site

To know more about codes discussed in the sections above, please visit http://www.world-airport-codes.com/.

Introduction To Travel16 of 57

Concepts and TerminologyConfidential, TRX Inc.7 November 2007

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