I am grateful to my dear wife Sandy for living well with my physical and mental absence while I wrote Digital People. Her acceptance, and her role as a patient and insightful sounding board and editor, helped enormously. My son Mike, trained in AI, was a valuable consultant. He also showed me the pop culture of robots through his band R.U.R. and its great T-shirt; and by tracking down the song “I am Electro” by Meat Beat Manifesto, inspired by the popular 1939 New Work World’s Fair robot Elektro.
The people and resources of Emory University make it a won- derful place for a writer. Robyn Fivush, Scott Lilienfeld, visitor Jeffrey Mullins, Darryl Neill, Leslie Taylor, and Elaine Walker gave generous help by reading the manuscript or lending their expertise.The Con- sciousness Seminar, led by Arri Eisen and Howard Kushner, provided useful background. Kate Bennett, David Schaar, Michael Gadbaw, and Lauren Gunderson helped with research.
Special thanks go to Philip Hammer and Charles Penniman of Philadelphia’s Franklin Institute for demonstrating the“Draughtsman- Writer” automaton, and to Jim Randolph for sharing his encyclope- dic knowledge of artificial beings in the media. Terry Gips and Isa Gordon helped me think about the book at its beginning, as did Phil