, was intended for a discussion of equity issues in planning and in modeling, but the class decided to use the time working on the Final Papers. In the final paper, they were to identify unique scenarios that represented various policy issues with local regulators, or travel or land markets. Several policy scenarios were suggested, such as NIMBYism in developed zones, urban growth boundaries (no growth in Open Space zones), oil wars raising auto costs, and different land use and transit combinations as types of smart growth.
The Final Papers were all quite detailed, with innovative schemes of scenarios investigated. All students delved into the outputs in great detail and this time they made sense. Some performed parametric analyses by varying the inputs and parameters systematically. Some examined NIMBY and urban growth boundary assumptions, in combination with various networks. One student developed a Garin-Lowry model, based on employment data in zip codes, for the Hartford, CN region.
The ability of urban models to analyze policy alternatives is growing. As these models have improved, their use has expanded. While the models used in this course may change or other models may be selected by other instructors, the overall course structure presented here should be useful. As the use of urban models becomes more widespread the need for such courses will grow. This course structure could also be utilized for professional development by agencies adopting an urban model.
Overall, the broad course topics and focus on applied modeling were a success. Within a relatively short time period students were able to learn the basics of what drives urban models, the importance of the overall modeling framework and its role in