This result confirmed the idea of Roosens (1989), in which the perception of ethnicity rises and falls in intensity according to relevant circumstances. Figure 1 shows the graphical analysis of the changes in choosing ethnic identity among the respondents under different situations described in each question. The percentage of the sample choosing Indian Muslim as their identities, in all situations, is shown in the bar line chart below.
Figure 1 – Choice of ethnic identity under several situations
Testing for Goodness-of-Fit
To check whether the model fits the data well, tests of Likelihood Ratio (LR) Statistics, Expected Prediction Table and the Hosmer-Lemeshow (H-L) were performed. The results of the tests are as sumarised in Table 2 below. The LR and H-L tests show that the data fits the model well. As shown by the expected prediction statistics, the model currently predicts 76.81 percent of the outcome of the sample. Based on the tests, it can be concluded that this model is a good fit.
Table 2 – Summary of Goodness-of-Fit Tests