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9 / 13

36.15726

14.34128

0.512097

0.500358

0.090726

0.287509

0.437500

0.496579

0.389113

0.488041

8.947581

2.696289

8.989919

4.151901

16.33065

4.657518

Variables

Mean

Std. Dev

Dependent Variable

0.219758

0.414501

Mohd

Independ variables AGE GENDER D1EDU D2EDU D3EDU KNOW MAJOR BELONG

ent

4.1 Descriptive analysis on choice of identity

Hanapi Dollah (n.d.) quoted that “ … identity of Indian Muslims changes from Indian Muslim to Indian when they join MIC and becomes Indian Muslim again when they form Malaysian Indian Muslim Association (KIMMA) and finally changes further to Malay when they join UMNO". This statement partly explains the identity dilemma faced by the Indian Muslims as indicated by the finding of this research.

When asked about self-reported ethnicity, 90.6 percent chose Indian Muslim, 4.4 percent chose mix ethnic group, 4.2 percent chose Malay and 0.4 percent chose being Bumiputera and Malaysian. When respondents were asked to choose an identity if given the option, only 50.4 percent of the respondents chose to be Indian Muslim, a drop of 40.2 percent. The remaining 14.2, 13.2 and 17 percent chose to be Malay, Bumiputera and Malaysian, respectively. When respondents were asked about the ethnic identity they want to be known as, 59.8 percent of the respondents chose Indian Muslim; 19 percent chose Malaysian; and 8.4 and 8.2 percent chose Bumiputera and Malay, respectively.

When asked what identity respondents would want to hold when joining the Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) an Indian based political party, only 44 percent wanted to be known as Indian Muslim and the next majority of 39.4 percent wanted just to be known as Malaysian without any attachment of ethnicity. The rest of 5.8 percent, 3.2 percent, 2.6 percent and 0.8 percent wanted to be known as Bumiputera, Malay, mixed ethnic group and Indian respectively.

The percentage of respondents wanted to be known as Indian Muslims increased when asked about their identity when joining the Indian Muslim Association (KIMMA) with 76.8 percent. The others wanted to be known as Malaysian (14.2 percent), Bumiputera (3.2 percent), mixed ethnic group (2.6 percent), Malay (1.0 percent) and Indian (0.2) percent. The percentage choosing Indian Muslim as their ethnic group is lowest (38.6 percent) when asked if they were to join the United Malay National Organization (UMNO), Malay based political party. About 28 percent of the respondent didn‟t want to be associated with any ethnic group by choosing Malaysian as their identity. The rest chose Malay (18 percent), Bumiputera (9.8 percent), mixed ethnic group (2.6 percent) and Indian (0.4 percent).

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