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Pronunciation of suffixes

Verbs:

Affix

Pronunciation

features

Example

- ed

/ d / / t / / Id /

Inflectional Suffix. Past and past participles of verbs.

Played, worked. Needed.

-ing

/ IN /

Inflectional Suffix.

-s, -es

/ s / / z / / Iz /

Inflectional suffix.

Plays, talks, watches

Adjectives:

Affix

Pronunciation

features

Example

-less

/ l@s , lIs /

Derivational suffix.

Timeless

-y

/ i /

Derivational suffix

Salty, sandy

-est

/ Ist, @st /

Inflectional suffix.

Biggest

-er

/ @ /

Inflectional suffix.

Nicer

-ible

/ @bl /

Derivational suffix.

Impossible , terrible

-able

/ bl /

Derivational suffix.

Remarkable

-ate

/t/

Adjective suffix –ate 

Verb suffix –ate 

Illiterate, separate

-al

/l/

Derivational suffix

Fatal, criminal, radical

-ive

/ Iv /

Derivational suffix.

Inactive,

-ant

-ent

/nt/

Vacant, resistant, silent

-some

/ s@m /

Derivational suffix.. With causative meaning.

Lonesome, troublesome

-ish

/ IS /

Derivational suffix.

Whitish, Scottish

-worthy

/ w3:Di /

Derivational suffix.

Trustworthy, noteworthy

-cal

/ k@l , kl /

Derivational suffix.

Practical, theoretical

-ous

/ @s /

Derivational suffix.

Dangerous, obvious

-ic

/Ik/

Latin origin suffix.

Academic, economic

-id

/Id/

Invalid, timid, candid

-ful

/ f@l, fUl, /

Note:

Adjective suffix –ful

Noun suffix – ful e.g. armful, spoonful

Careful, beautiful,

-ory

/ @ri , ri /

Derivational suffix..

Advisory, preparatory

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