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NOUNS

Affix

Pronunciation

features

Example

-ment

/ m@nt /

Derivational suffix. Accent neutral

Development

-ism

/ Izm /

Derivational suffix. Accent fixing.

Socialism

-er

/ @ /

Derivational suffix. Accent neutral.

Worker, writer.

-ary

/ @ri , ri /

Derivational suffix. Accent fixing.

Elementary, revolutionary

-cy

/ @si /

Derivational suffix. Accent neutral.

Accuracy,

-ty

/ ti /

Derivational suffix. Accent neutral.

Immunity, property

-man

/mn/

Fireman, barman

-y / -ie

/i/

Diminutive

Kitty, cookie, mommy

-ance

-ence

/ns/

Balance, sentence,

-is

/Is/

Latin origin suffix

Crisis, thesis, analysis

-hood

/ hUd /

Used in compound nouns. Accent neutral

Manhood, neighbourhood

-ness

/ n@s , nIs /

Derivational suffix. Accent neutral.

Likeliness, happiness

-land

/ l@nd /

Used in compound nouns. Accent neutral

Highland, Scotland,

-ship

/ SIp /

Derivational suffix. Accent neutral.

Relationship.

-ist

/ Ist /

Derivational suffix. Accent neutral.

Moralist, imperialist

-sion

/ Z@n /

Derivational suffix. Accent neutral.

Television, inclusion

-ssion

-tion

/ S@n /

Derivational suffix. Accent neutral.

Admission, permission

-um

-a

/m/

//

Latin origin suffix (singular) –um

Latin origin suffix (plural) –a

Curriculum, datum

Curricula, data

-us

/s/

Latin origin suffix

Focus, circus, phosphorus

-ics

/Iks/

Latin origin suffix. (fields of study)

Physics, Phonetics

-age

millage, percentage

-our, or

//

Abstract noun suffix.

Favour, behaviour, colour.

-ure

//

Nature, pressure, lecture

Adverbs

Affix

Pronunciation

features

Example

-ly

/ li /

Derivational suffix. Accent neutral.

Happily, quickly.

NOTES:

Derivational suffixes: those which change a word into another category. E.g. adjective into adverb quick, quickly.

Inflectional suffixes: those which do not change the word category. Eg. Work, working, works, greater.

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