Review of Child Labour Laws of Barbados
coverage by social security schemes, including employment injury, medical care and sickness benefit schemes, whatever the conditions of employment or work may be;
the maintenance of satisfactory standards of safety and health and appropriate instruction and supervision.
Exception for Artistic Performances
There is also an exception for artistic performances by children under the minimum age for admission to employment. Exceptions from the minimum age can be granted:
after consultation with the social partners;
by permits from the competent authority in individual cases which must limit the number of hours that can be worked and specify the conditions.
Both ILO Conventions No. 138 and No. 182 proscribe hazardous work for young persons under the age of 18 years. Hazardous work is defined as “any type of employment or work which by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out is likely to jeopardize their health, safety or moral development.” ILO Convention No. 182 characterizes hazardous work as a worst form of child labour.
Both Conventions provide a standard procedure by which hazardous work may be determined, that is, by national laws or by the competent authority, after consultation with the organizations of employers and workers concerned. ILO Convention No. 182 stipulates further that relevant international standards should be taken into consideration. It also calls for the list of hazardous work to be periodically examined and revised.
ILO Recommendation No. 190 provides some guidelines in determining hazardous work. It specifies that consideration should be given to:
work which exposes children to physical, psychological or sexual abuse;
work underground, under water, at dangerous heights or in confined spaces;
work with dangerous machinery, equipment and tools, or which involves the manual handling or transport of heavy loads;
work in an unhealthy environment which may, for example, expose children to hazardous substances, agents or processes, or to temperatures, noise levels, or vibrations damaging to their health;
work under particularly difficult conditions such as work for long hours or during the night or work where the child is unreasonably confined to the premises of the employer.