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Review of Child Labour Laws of Barbados

carried out in accordance with conditions prescribed by the competent authority, after consultation with the organizations of employers and workers concerned, where such exist, and is an integral part of:

  • (a)

    a course of education or training for which a school or training institution is primarily responsible;

  • (b)

    a programme of training mainly or entirely in an undertaking; or

  • (c)

    a programme of guidance or orientation designed to facilitate the choice of an occupation or a line of training.

2.4

ILO Convention No. 182

This Convention targets the worst forms of child labour. In addition to provisions on hazardous work similar to ILO Convention No.138 already mentioned, ILO Convention No.182 addresses certain unconditional worst forms of child labour, which comprise:

(i)

(ii)

(iii

)

slavery and all practices similar to slavery including forced labour, serfdom and bonded labour, the involvement of children in wars and armed conflict; prostitution and pornographic performances and other forms of commercial sexual activity; and illicit activities such as the production and distribution of illegal drugs.

Member States are required to take immediate and effective measures to secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour as a matter of urgency. It also specifies the kinds of measures that member States must take in the implementation of the Convention. In designing these measures, States are required to take into account the importance of education in eliminating child labour and take effective and time-bound measures to:

  • (a)

    prevent the engagement of children in the worst forms of child labour;

  • (b)

    provide the necessary and appropriate direct assistance for the removal of children from the worst forms of child labour and for their rehabilitation and social integration;

  • (c)

    ensure access to free basic education and, wherever possible and appropriate, vocational training for all children removed from the worst forms of child labour;

  • (d)

    identify and reach out to children at special risk; and

  • (e)

    take account of the special situation of girls.

Because of the potential cross-border character of the unconditional worst forms of child labour, ILO Convention No. 182, unlike ILO Convention No. 138, specifically calls for international cooperation in eradicating the causes of the worst forms of child labour and in the implementation of the Convention.

2.5 Enforcement

Both Conventions require member States to take all measures necessary for the effective enforcement of the provisions of the Convention. This involves the provision of

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