Review of Child Labour Laws of Barbados
1. Introduction ________________________________________________________________________
Terms of Reference
This study, commissioned by the International Labour Organization, Subregional Office for the Caribbean, reviews the laws on child labour in Barbados, within the context of
ILO Conventions No. 138 on the Minimum Age for Admission to Employment and 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour and its relevant ILO Recommendations No.
It is part of a
Caribbean countries, Trinidad and Tobago.
wider project, which Bahamas, Barbados,
child labour laws of Guyana, Suriname
No. 146 six and
The main concern of this review is to identify apparent gaps and inconsistencies in the laws relating to child labour in Barbados and to provide a guide for legislative reform to ensure compliance with the requirements of the ILO Conventions.
The primary practical purpose of the review is to propose recommendations for an effective legal framework for the elimination and prevention of child labour in Barbados. This involves not only consideration of the substantive laws but also certain ancillary non-legal elements contained in the Convention. These include the policy framework on child labour as well as the administrative and institutional arrangements for the monitoring and enforcement of the laws that seek to eliminate and prevent child labour.
This review used as its frame of reference the ILO Conventions and Recommendations on child labour. The author reviewed relevant handbooks, manuals and reports produced by, or under the auspices of the ILO, in order to determine whether laws of Barbados on child labour were framed and administered in accordance with the expectations associated with the Conventions.
In this regard, the study benefited from Reports by the Government of Barbados under Article 22 of the Constitution of the International Labour Organization and the comments of the Committee of Experts on the Application of the ILO Conventions. It also benefited significantly from the report by Leith Dunn on The Situation of Children in the Worst Forms of Child Labour in a tourist economy: A Rapid Assessment, which was undertaken for the Child Labour Project of the ILO Subregional Office for the Caribbean in 2002.
The review took note of the policy, institutional and socio-economic context within which the issues of child labour are addressed in Barbados. This was important in order to ensure that relevant country-specific background was taken into consideration in the review of the laws.