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The junior member executes the first movement, holds the position until it is returned by the senior, and then executes the second movement.

Accompanying the hand salute with an appropriate greeting, such as “Good Morning, Sir/Ma’am,” is encouraged.

General Saluting Rules:

1. Persons entitled to the salute are:


Commissioned Officers and Warrant Officers of the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard.


Officers of the Virginia Militia at the Virginia Military Institute


Officers of friendly foreign nations.

  • 2.

    There is often a certain amount of confusion determining at what distance from a superior that a junior person should render a salute. Saluting distance is that distance at which a person entitled to the salute is recognized. Usually it does not exceed 30 steps. The salute is rendered when the person to be saluted is 6 steps distant, or at the nearest point of approach if it appears that this distance will be greater than 6 steps. Then hold the salute until the person being saluted has either passed by or returned the salute.

  • 3.

    A salute is returned by all officers entitled to it unless they are in formation. The salute is rendered at a halt or walk. If running for exercise, continue running and render a proper greeting, ie. “Good afternoon, Sir/Ma’am”. If running because of being late, slow to a walk, salute and when salute has been returned, resume running. It is inappropriate for an officer or a disciplined subordinate to attempt to avoid rendering a salute. It is a matter of personal pride and a sign of professionalism and organizational pride to properly recognize and greet another with a good salute.

4. Occasionally you will encounter many cadets outside during class period changes, all rendering you a salute. You may not be able to return a personal salute to each as you would wish. Remember they are serious and are being respectful–do not avoid them. Return their salutes by holding your salute as you walk pass them, looking them in the eye in and when appropriate offer a good day, morning, or


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