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INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY

FACILITATING INSTRUCTOR GUIDE

14

only through our interaction.

Social Organization Is Always in the Process of Change

It is easy to get lost in the permanence of organization; in fact, change is as much a part of organization as permanence and stability. There is no one reason organization changes. Change is complex and many faceted.

The Family Exists in Every Society

It is diverse across societies. Its structure and its functions have changed dramatically in the twentieth century as modern society has emphasized individual choice. The family remains important in modern society, but it is no longer a fixed entity. More and more people are making choices about whether or not to marry, whether or not to have children, what kind of gender roles to follow, and what should be done if a marriage is not satisfying.

The family is one of the five primary institutions of social structure.  

Chapter 1: The Discipline of Sociology

What Is Sociology?

Sociology is an academic discipline

Sociology focuses on our social world

Sociology begins with the idea that humans are to be understood in the context of their social life, that we are social animals influenced by interaction, social patterns, and socialization.

Sociology asks three questions

1.

What are we anyway?

Emile Durkheim

Human beings are socialized into society

Society gets into our very being

We take on society’s rules, its morals, its truths, its values

In a sense, the individual becomes society

Sociologists have uncovered a host of ways that human beings are, by their very nature--

Social

Socialized

Forever changing in social interaction

2.

What holds society together? (What is the very nature of order? Why are humans able to cooperate?)

Copyright © 2005 Mount Vernon Nazarene University Adult and Graduate Studies

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