INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY
FACILITATING INSTRUCTOR GUIDE
only through our interaction.
Social Organization Is Always in the Process of Change
It is easy to get lost in the permanence of organization; in fact, change is as much a part of organization as permanence and stability. There is no one reason organization changes. Change is complex and many faceted.
The Family Exists in Every Society
It is diverse across societies. Its structure and its functions have changed dramatically in the twentieth century as modern society has emphasized individual choice. The family remains important in modern society, but it is no longer a fixed entity. More and more people are making choices about whether or not to marry, whether or not to have children, what kind of gender roles to follow, and what should be done if a marriage is not satisfying.
The family is one of the five primary institutions of social structure.
Chapter 1: The Discipline of Sociology
What Is Sociology?
Sociology is an academic discipline
Sociology focuses on our social world
Sociology begins with the idea that humans are to be understood in the context of their social life, that we are social animals influenced by interaction, social patterns, and socialization.
Sociology asks three questions
What are we anyway?
Human beings are socialized into society
Society gets into our very being
We take on society’s rules, its morals, its truths, its values
In a sense, the individual becomes society
Sociologists have uncovered a host of ways that human beings are, by their very nature--
Forever changing in social interaction
What holds society together? (What is the very nature of order? Why are humans able to cooperate?)
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