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INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY

FACILITATING INSTRUCTOR GUIDE

42

Teacher, student, dean, principal, football player, cheerleader

Some Values

Academic honesty, good grades, being “cool”

Some Norms

Do homework, prepare lectures, do not snitch on classmates

Economics

Basic Needs

Produce and distribute goods and services

Some Groups or Organizations

Credit unions, banks, credit card, companies, buying clubs

Some Statuses

Worker, boss, buyer, seller, creditor, debtor, advertiser

Some Values

Making money, paying bills on time, producing efficiently

Some Norms

Maximize profits, “the customer is always right,” work hard

Politics

Basic Needs

Establish a hierarchy of power and authority

Some Groups or Organizations

Political parties, congresses, parliaments, monarchies

Some Statuses

President, senator, lobbyist, voter, candidate, spin doctor

Some Values

Majority rule, the right to vote as a sacred trust

Some Norms

One vote per person, voting as a privilege and a right

Chapter 8: The Interrelationships Among Organizations

Social Organizations Influence Each Other

An organization never develops in a vacuum; it must be understood in relations to all other organizations, and this makes analysis difficult. In a real sense, we can identify

Copyright © 2005 Mount Vernon Nazarene University Adult and Graduate Studies

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